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Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2018 Oct 29. doi: 10.1111/acps.12976. [Epub ahead of print]

Remitted affective disorders and high familial risk of affective disorders associate with aberrant intestinal microbiota.

Author information

1
Psychiatric Centre Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen Affective Disorder Research Center (CADIC), University Hospital of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
2
Clinical Microbiomics, Copenhagen, Denmark.
3
The Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section of Metabolic Genetics, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
4
Institute of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Affective disorders seem associated with aberrant intestinal microbiota but whether this pattern also occurs in individuals at increased heritable risk is unknown. We investigated associations between gut microbiota profiles and affective disorders by comparing monozygotic (MZ) twins concordant (affected twins with unipolar or bipolar disorder in remission) and discordant to affective disorders (high-risk) with MZ twins without affective disorders (low-risk).

METHODS:

Stool samples were collected from 128 MZ twins and the microbiome was profiled using 16S rDNA sequencing of the V3-V4 region.

RESULTS:

Affected twins had a lower diversity and an absence of a specific operational taxonomical unit (OTU) in comparison with low-risk twins. The high-risk twins exhibited the same pattern although the lower diversity was only at a trend level. The OTU belonged to the family Christensenellaceae. The findings were not explained by lifestyle factors (smoking, alcohol consumption, body mass index, or psychotropic medication).

CONCLUSION:

Affected twins in remission and high-risk twins presented aberrant gut microbiota with depletion of a specific OTU. If replicated, this reduced relative sequence absence may together with the globally altered microbiota composition act as a vulnerability marker by accentuating the effect of gene-environment interactions in individuals genetically disposed for an affective disorder.

KEYWORDS:

affective disorder; human microbiome; twins monozygotic

PMID:
30374951
DOI:
10.1111/acps.12976

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