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Theor Appl Genet. 2018 Dec;131(12):2495-2511. doi: 10.1007/s00122-018-3221-4. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Crop resistant starch and genetic improvement: a review of recent advances.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Molecular Genetics and Proteomics, College of Life Science, Capital Normal University, 100048, Beijing, China.
2
Laboratory of Molecular Genetics and Proteomics, College of Life Science, Capital Normal University, 100048, Beijing, China. yanym@cnu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Resistant starch (RS), as a healthy dietary fiber, meets with great human favor along with the rapid development and improvement of global living standards. RS shows direct effects in reducing postprandial blood glucose levels, serum cholesterol levels and glycemic index. Therefore, RS plays an important role in preventing and improving non-communicable diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, colon cancer, cardiovascular diseases and chronic kidney disease. In addition, RS leads to its potential applied value in the development of high-quality foodstuffs, such as bread, noodles and dumplings. This paper reviews the recent advances in RS research, focusing mainly on RS classification and measurement, formation, quantitative trait locus mapping, genome-wide association studies, molecular marker development and genetic improvement through induced mutations, plant breeding combined with marker-assisted selection and genetic transformation. Challenges and perspectives on further RS research are also discussed.

PMID:
30374526
DOI:
10.1007/s00122-018-3221-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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