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Work. 2018;61(2):303-311. doi: 10.3233/WOR-182801.

Understanding attitudes toward hygiene mask use in Japanese daily life by using a repeated cross-sectional survey.

Author information

1
Institute of Human and Social Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa, Japan.
2
The Ohara Memorial Institute for Science of Labour, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

During the 2009 H1N1 influenza epidemic, roughly half of survey respondents reported having worn a hygiene mask. However, most were unsatisfied with commercially available masks.

OBJECTIVE:

The long-term goal was to develop a comfortable, high-performance hygiene mask. This study investigated holistic attitudes of mask wearers and identified the most prominent problems as a basis for developing a new mask.

METHODS:

In 2009, 2012, and 2015, identical surveys were conducted among Japanese university students. The rate of mask use, intended uses, and problems reported while wearing a mask were aggregated. Co-occurrence analysis of individual respondents' data was conducted.

RESULTS:

For men, the most intended uses were influenza prevention in 2009 and common cold prevention in 2012 and 2015; common problems were humidity in the mask, glasses misting over, and breathing difficulty. For women, the most intended use was common cold prevention in all 3 years; common problems were humidity, glasses misting over, breathing difficulty, and makeup coming off.

CONCLUSIONS:

Men's attitudes in 2009 were different from those in 2012 and 2015. However, women's major attitudes were consistent in all 3 years. For both sexes, the most commonly reported problem was humidity in all 3 years. It is expected that more comfortable masks for daily use will result from improving humidity characteristics.

KEYWORDS:

Intended use; co-occurrence analysis; problem awareness

PMID:
30373980
DOI:
10.3233/WOR-182801
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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