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J Vestib Res. 2018;28(3-4):311-317. doi: 10.3233/VES-180643.

Suppression head impulse paradigm in healthy adolescents - A novel variant of the head impulse test.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Denmark.
2
Department of Oto-rhino-laryngology, Regional Hospital West Jutland, Denmark.
3
Department of Oto-rhino-laryngology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Suppression Head Impulse Paradigm (SHIMP), a novel variant of the Head Impulse Test has been introduced. At the same time, the Head Impulse Test was renamed to the Head Impulse Paradigm (HIMP). Contrary to HIMP saccades, SHIMP saccades are a sign of vestibular function.

OBJECTIVE:

1) To compare SHIMP and HIMP feasibility, vestibular-ocular reflex (VOR) gain value and the saccadic pattern in healthy adolescents. 2) To compare SHIMP and HIMP feasibility in the hands of an experienced and an inexperienced HIMP examiner.

METHOD:

A total of 29 adolescents from Sk├ąde Municipal School, Denmark were tested with HIMP and then with SHIMP.

RESULTS:

Neither covert nor overt saccades were observed in the HIMP, whereas SHIMP saccades were observed in all SHIMP reports. SHIMP gain values were statistically lower than HIMP gain values. A statistically significant difference was observed between the two examiners' right SHIMP gain values, but not for the left SHIMP gain values or the HIMP gain values.

CONCLUSIONS:

We found that HIMP and SHIMP tests are feasible in healthy adolescents for experienced as well as inexperienced examiners. However, one must be aware of potential pitfalls in the execution and interpretation of both tests. This is a well-known fact for the HIMP test, but additional considerations are needed to obtain reliable results from the SHIMP test.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; suppression head impulse test (SHIMP); vestibular test; video head impulse test

PMID:
30373968
DOI:
10.3233/VES-180643

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