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J Foot Ankle Surg. 2018 Nov - Dec;57(6):1191-1199. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2018.05.007.

Surgical Versus Non-Surgical Methods for Acute Achilles Tendon Rupture: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Author information

1
Surgeon, Joint Surgery of The First People's Hospital of Jingmen, Hubei, China.
2
Surgeon, Postgraduate Training Base, Affiliated Hospital of Logistics University of Chinese People's Armed Police Force, Jinzhou Medical University, Tianjin, China.
3
Surgeon, Department of Orthopaedic Center, Affiliated Hospital of Logistics University of Chinese People's Armed Police Force, Tianjin, China.
4
Nurse, School of Nursing, Tongji Medical, HuaZhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan, China.
5
Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Center, Affiliated Hospital of Logistics University of Chinese People's Armed Police Force, Tianjin, China. Electronic address: 15122334379@163.com.

Abstract

We performed a meta-analysis to (1) compare surgical and non-surgical treatment methods for repair of acute rupture of the Achilles tendon, in terms of the re-rupture rate, incidence of complications other than re-rupture, functional outcomes, and proportion of patients returning to previous levels of sporting activities, and (2) explore the difference in the re-rupture rate if proven early functional rehabilitation protocols were followed. PubMed, EMBASE, Medline, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched to identify randomized clinical trials. The quality of included studies was assessed by the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool. The random-effects model or subgroup analysis would be chosen to perform the meta-analysis if the data were heterogeneous; otherwise, the fixed-effect model would be selected. Ten randomized clinical trials with a total of 934 randomized patients were included. Patients in the non-surgical group underwent higher re-ruptures than patients in the surgical group (p = .0002), but the re-rupture rates were equivalent in the non-surgical group and the surgical group (p = .08) if an early range of motion exercises protocol was performed. Lower incidence of complications excluding re-rupture was found in non-surgical patients (p = .006). However, the surgical group had better results in functional outcomes when evaluated by 2 different jump tests (drop counter-movement jump [p = .002], Hopping [p = .004]) and 1 muscular endurance test (Heel-rise work [p = .01]). The 2 groups had no significant difference in the proportion of patients returning to previous levels of sporting activities (p = 0.87). The risk of re-rupture after surgical or non-surgical treatment was equivalent if a functional rehabilitation protocol with early range of motion was performed, but the risk of other complications happening after surgical treatment was higher than in non-surgical treatment.

KEYWORDS:

acute Achilles tendon rupture; early functional rehabilitation; nonsurgical treatment; surgical treatment

PMID:
30368430
DOI:
10.1053/j.jfas.2018.05.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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