Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nat Commun. 2018 Oct 26;9(1):4488. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-06837-3.

Identifying long-term stable refugia for relict plant species in East Asia.

Author information

1
Institute of Ecology and Geobotany, Yunnan University, 650091, Kunming, China. cindyqtang@aol.com.
2
Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Forest Research and Management Organization, Matsunosato 1, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki-ken, 305-8687, Japan.
3
Institute of Ecology and Geobotany, Yunnan University, 650091, Kunming, China.
4
Graduate School of Horticulture, Chiba University, 648 Matsudo, Chiba, 271-8510, Japan.
5
Botanic Institute of Barcelona (IBB, CSIC-ICUB), Passeig del Migdia s/n, Barcelona, 08038, Catalonia, Spain.
6
Key Laboratory of Three Gorges Reservoir Region's Eco-Environment, Ministry of Education, Chongqing University, 400045, Chongqing, China.
7
Key Laboratory of Three Gorges Reservoir Region's Eco-Environment, Ministry of Education, Chongqing University, 400045, Chongqing, China. ycyang@cqu.edu.cn.
8
The Nature Conservancy Society of Japan, Mitoyo Bldg. 2F, 1-16-10 Shinkawa, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, 104-0033, Japan.
9
Southern Institute of Ecology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
10
Northeastern Research Institute of Petrified Wood and Mineral Resources, Nakhon Ratchasima Rajabhat University, Nakhon Ratchasima, 30000, Thailand.
11
Botanical Garden-Institute FEB RAS, Makovskii Str. 142, Vladivostok, Russia, 690024.
12
Pacific Gas and Electric Company, 3401 Crow Canyon Road, San Ramon, CA, 94583, USA.
13
The Academy of Natural Science, 1900 Benjamin Franklin Parkway, Philadelphia, PA, 19103, USA.
14
Plant Ecology & Biodiversity, Utrecht University, Domplein 29, Utrecht, 3512 JE, Netherlands.
15
Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy, 13093 Henry Beadel Drive, Tallahassee, FL, 32312, USA.
16
Interdisciplinary Institute of environmental, Social and Human Studies, University of Flensburg, Flensburg, Germany.
17
Institute of Botany, Yunnan University, 650091, Kunming, Yunnan, China.
18
Research Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, 650224, Kunming, China.
19
Kunming Institute of Forestry Exploration and Design, The State Forestry Administration of China, 650216, Kunming, China.
20
Centre for Mountain Ecosystem Studies, Kunming Institute of Botany-CAS, 650204, Kunming, China.
21
CAS Key Laboratory of Mountain Ecological Restoration and Bioresource Utilization & Ecological Restoration and Biodiversity Conservation Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 610041, Chengdu, China.
22
Kunming Agrometeorological Station of Yunnan Province, 650228, Kunming, China.
23
Guizhou University of Engineering Science, 551700, Bijie, China.
24
Tokyo University of Information Sciences, 4-1 Onaridai Wakaba-ku, Chiba, 265-8501, Japan.
25
College of Life Sciences, Chongqing Normal University, Shapingba, 401331, Chongqing, China.
26
Chongqing Three Gorges Medical College, 404120, Chongqing, China.
27
School of Geography, Southwest China Forestry University, 650224, Kunming, China.
28
School of Ecological and Environmental Sciences, East China Normal University, 200241, Shanghai, China.
29
Kunming University of Science and Technology, 650500, Chenggong, China.
30
Yunnan Academy of Forestry, 650201, Kunming, China.
31
Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ailaoshan Station for Subtropical Forest Ecosystem Studies, National Forest Ecosystem Research Station at Ailaoshan, 650091, Kunming, Yunnan, China.

Abstract

Today East Asia harbors many "relict" plant species whose ranges were much larger during the Paleogene-Neogene and earlier. The ecological and climatic conditions suitable for these relict species have not been identified. Here, we map the abundance and distribution patterns of relict species, showing high abundance in the humid subtropical/warm-temperate forest regions. We further use Ecological Niche Modeling to show that these patterns align with maps of climate refugia, and we predict species' chances of persistence given the future climatic changes expected for East Asia. By 2070, potentially suitable areas with high richness of relict species will decrease, although the areas as a whole will probably expand. We identify areas in southwestern China and northern Vietnam as long-term climatically stable refugia likely to preserve ancient lineages, highlighting areas that could be prioritized for conservation of such species.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center