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Am J Emerg Med. 2019 Jan;37(1):127-132. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.10.012. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Identifying infant hydrocephalus in the emergency department with transfontanellar POCUS.

Author information

1
Emergency Department, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States of America. Electronic address: Subramaniam.sathyaseelan@gmail.com.
2
Emergency Department, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States of America. Electronic address: Chena2@email.chop.edu.
3
Radiology Department, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States of America. Electronic address: Khwaja2@email.chop.edu.
4
Emergency Department, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States of America. Electronic address: Rempellr@email.chop.edu.

Abstract

Hydrocephalus carries significant morbidity in the infant population. Although clinical symptoms are often nonspecific, hydrocephalus is easily identified using transfontanellar sonography. In this review, we provide the emergency physician with a succinct overview of infant hydrocephalus and the point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) technique for identification of this pathology.

KEYWORDS:

Emergency ultrasound; Hydrocephalus; POCUS; Transfontanellar POCUS; Transfontanellar ultrasound

PMID:
30366745
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajem.2018.10.012

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