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PLoS One. 2018 Oct 26;13(10):e0206041. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0206041. eCollection 2018.

Functional regulation of YAP mechanosensitive transcriptional coactivator by Focused Low-Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound (FLIPUS) enhances proliferation of murine mesenchymal precursors.

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Berlin-Brandenburg Center for Regenerative Therapies (BCRT), Charité-Berlin University of Medicine, Berlin, Germany.
Berlin-Brandenburg School for Regenerative Therapies (BSRT), Charité-Berlin University of Medicine, Berlin, Germany.
Institute of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Free University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
Julius Wolff Institute, Charité-Berlin University of Medicine, Berlin, Germany.


Yes-associated protein (YAP) acts as a mechanotransducer in determining the cell fate of murine C2C12 mesenchymal precursors as investigated after stimulation with ultrasound. We applied Focused Low-Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound (FLIPUS) at a sound frequency of 3.6 MHz, 100 Hz pulse repetition frequency (PRF), 27.8% duty cycle (DC), and 44.5 mW/cm2 acoustic intensity ISATA for 5 minutes and evaluated early cellular responses. FLIPUS decreased the level of phosphorylated YAP on Serine 127, leading to higher levels of active YAP in the nucleus. This in turn enhanced the expression of YAP-target genes associated with actin nucleation and stabilization, cytokinesis, and cell cycle progression. FLIPUS enhanced proliferation of C2C12 cells, whereas silencing of YAP expression abolished the beneficial effects of ultrasound. The expression of the transcription factor MyoD, defining cellular myogenic differentiation, was inhibited by mechanical stimulation. This study shows that ultrasound exposure regulates YAP functioning, which in turn improves the cell proliferative potential, critical for tissue regeneration process.

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