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Mol Med Rep. 2018 Dec;18(6):5709-5716. doi: 10.3892/mmr.2018.9591. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Comparison of human lumbar disc pressure characteristics during simulated spinal manipulation vs. spinal mobilization.

Author information

1
Department of TCM Manipulative Orthopedics, Air Force General Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100142, P.R. China.
2
Department of Sinew Injury Manual Therapy Research, Wangjing Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100102, P.R. China.
3
Department of Internal Medicine, Guangdong Province Corps Hospital of Chinese People's Armed Police Forces, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510507, P.R. China.
4
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Beijing DCN Orthopedic Hospital, Beijing 100143, P.R. China.

Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate the differences in human lumbar intradiscal pressure (IDP) characteristics during simulated spinal manipulation and spinal mobilization. A total of 12 adult fresh lumbar spinal specimens (T12‑S2) were randomly divided into two groups. The parameters of simulated spinal mobilization were as follows: Preload angle, 15˚ (speed, 3˚/sec); maximum angle, 20˚ (speed, 1˚/sec); and 9 N horizontal force to the L5 spinous process. The parameters of simulated spinal manipulation were as follows: Preload angle, 15˚ (speed, 3˚/sec); impulse angle, 20˚ (impulse speed, 33˚/sec) and 22 N horizontal force to the L5 spinous process. The maximal IDP during both techniques was greater than the initial and end pressures (P<0.01). There was no difference between the initial and end IDP (P>0.05). The maximal IDP on the rotating side was greater than that on the contralateral side during the two techniques (P<0.05). There was no difference in both initial and end IDPs between the two sides (P>0.05). There was no difference in the maximal IDP between the two techniques (P>0.05). The ascending speed of IDP during manipulation was faster than during mobilization (P<0.01), while there was no difference in the descending speed between the two techniques (P>0.05). The maximal IDP on the rotating side was greater than the contralateral side during simulated spinal mobilization and manipulation (P<0.05). The ascending speed of IDP was faster during manipulation than mobilization (P<0.01). Therefore, thrust manipulation may have more instant impact to discs than mobilization.

PMID:
30365136
DOI:
10.3892/mmr.2018.9591
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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