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Biol Aujourdhui. 2018;212(1-2):35-43. doi: 10.1051/jbio/2018020. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

[Traffic and signalisation of the leptin receptor].

[Article in French]

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Institut Cochin, Inserm U1016, CNRS UMR 8104, Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 22 Rue Méchain, 75014 Paris, France.


Receptors are the master regulators conveying the information provided by the hormone from the extracellular environment to the intracellular milieu. As a result, the level of receptors at the cell surface can determine the signaling strength. Regulation of receptor trafficking to the cell surface or receptor retention processes in intracellular compartments are key mechanisms for leptin receptor (ObR) activity. An alteration of these mechanisms leads to the development of obesity. However, the canonical mechanism of plasma membrane receptors activation is challenged by the discovery that intracellular receptors also have their own signaling activity inside specific intracellular compartments. These intracellular receptors can trigger signaling that regulates a particular function, different from, or in continuity with, surface receptor signaling. We will address both these aspects by focusing particularly on the case of the leptin receptor (ObR), i.e., i) the regulation of its level of exposure to the cell surface and its impact on the development of obesity, and ii) the discovery of its location and signaling in some intracellular compartments.


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