Send to

Choose Destination
World J Urol. 2019 Apr;37(4):601-606. doi: 10.1007/s00345-018-2540-z. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Evaluation of the effect of urethroplasty for anterior urethral strictures by a validated disease-specific patient-reported outcome measure.

Author information

Department of Urology, National Defense Medical College, 3-2 Namiki, Tokorozawa, Saitama, 359-8513, Japan.
Department of Urology, National Defense Medical College, 3-2 Namiki, Tokorozawa, Saitama, 359-8513, Japan.
Department of Urology, Nishisaitama-chuo National Hospital, Saitama, Japan.
Department of Plastic Surgery, National Defense Medical College, Saitama, Japan.



To better understand our urethroplasty outcome, we translated the English version of a urethral stricture surgery patient-reported outcome measure (USS-PROM) into Japanese and used it to evaluate the effect of urethroplasty for anterior urethral strictures.


The PROM quantifies lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and health-related quality of life (EQ-5D), and it evaluates overall satisfaction by asking patients to choose "very satisfied", "satisfied", "unsatisfied", or "very unsatisfied". 93 Japanese-speaking male patients with anterior urethral stricture who underwent urethroplasty completed it before (baseline) and 6 months after urethroplasty. The psychometric criteria evaluated in the present study were the PROM's internal consistency, test-retest reliability, criterion validity, and responsiveness.


Qmax was negatively correlated with the LUTS-total scores (r = - 0.61). Cronbach's alpha was 0.80 and the test-retest intraclass correlation coefficient for the LUTS-total score was 0.82. 83 patients (89.2%) achieved stricture-free, which was defined as no re-stricture on cystoscopy and no need for additional treatment. The mean total LUTS-score improved from 12.4 at baseline to 3.7 postoperatively (p < 0.0001). The mean EQ-5D visual analogue scores and EQ-5D index improved from 61.2 and 0.76, respectively, at baseline to 77.9 and 0.89 postoperatively (p < 0.0001, p < 0.0001). 55 patients (59.1%) were "very satisfied" with the outcome of their urethroplasty and 33 (35.5%) were "satisfied".


The Japanese version of the USS-PROM has adequate psychometric properties. Urethroplasty improved not only objective data but also voiding symptoms and health-related QOL, and it resulted in a high rate of patient satisfaction.


Patient-reported outcome; Quality of life; Urethroplasty; Validation

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center