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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2018 Nov 7;10(44):38294-38301. doi: 10.1021/acsami.8b13550. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Visible-Light-Responsive High-Detectivity Organic Photodetectors with a 1 μm Thick Active Layer.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry , Pusan National University , 2 Busandaehak-ro, Geumjeong-gu , Busan 46241 , Republic of Korea.
2
Division of Advanced Materials , Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT) , 141 Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu , Daejeon 34114 , Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Chemical Convergence Materials , University of Science and Technology (UST) , 217 Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu , Daejeon 34113 , Republic of Korea.
4
Department of Applied Chemistry , Kookmin University , 77 Jeongneung-ro, Seongbuk-gu , Seoul 02707 , Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Organic photodetectors (OPDs) are attracting attention for use in flexible and portable electronic applications such as image sensors, remote sensing, optical communications, and medical sensors because of their strong photon responsivity in thin films over a broad range of wavelengths. In particular, the efficient photon-to-current conversion of OPDs under visible light allows their use in indirect X-ray detectors using scintillators to convert X-rays to visible light. The polymer poly(4,8-bis(5-(2-ethylhexyl)thiophen-2-yl)benzo[1,2- b:4,5- b']dithiophene- co-5-(2-hexyldecyl)-1,3-bis(6-octylthieno[3,2- b]thiophen-2-yl)-4 H-thieno[3,4- c]pyrrole-4,6(5 H)-dione) (PBDTT-8ttTPD) shows strong absorption bands in the region of 500-650 nm, as well as high hole mobility, which provides excellent photoresponsivity and photon-to-current conversion efficiency. A p-n junction photodetector was fabricated by blending PBDTT-8ttTPD and [6,6]-phenyl C71 butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM) and varying the thickness of the active layer (260-1100 nm). The PBDTT-8ttTPD:PC71BM-based OPDs show promising photodetecting properties having a low dark current of 3.72 × 10-9 A cm-2 and high responsivity of 0.39 A W-1 because of the well-controlled morphology, high molar absorption coefficient, and excellent carrier mobility of the PBDTT-8ttTPD:PC71BM layer. Consequently, the specific detectivity of the PBDTT-8ttTPD-based OPD devices was 1.13 × 1013 Jones at -2 V on irradiation with a light-emitting diode (530 nm wavelength) with a power density of 55.6 μW cm-2.

KEYWORDS:

TPD-based polymer; high responsivity; low dark current; organic photodetector; organic photodiode

PMID:
30360071
DOI:
10.1021/acsami.8b13550

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