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PLoS One. 2018 Oct 25;13(10):e0206315. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0206315. eCollection 2018.

Anti-atherogenic properties of vitamin E, aspirin, and their combination.

Author information

1
Department of Behavioral Health and Nutrition, College of Health Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, United State of America.
2
Department of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Sciences, College of Human Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, United State of America.
3
Center for Advancing Exercise and Nutrition Research on Aging (CAENRA), College of Human Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, United State of America.

Abstract

The present study was designed to assess the extent to which vitamin E and aspirin individually or in combination prevent and/or reverse bone loss and atherosclerotic lesion formation in orchidectomized aged rats. Forty-nine 12-month old male Sprague-Dawley rats were either sham-operated (Sham, one group) or orchidectomized (Orx, four groups) and fed a control diet for 120 days to establish bone loss and atherosclerotic lesions. Thereafter, rats were assigned to the various treatment groups (n = 9 to 10 per group): 1) Sham and 2) Orx groups received AIN93M, containing 75 IU vitamin E and served as control, and the other three Orx groups received either 3) 500 IU vitamin E, 4) 500 mg aspirin, or 5) 500 IU vitamin E + 500 mg aspirin per kg diet for 90 days. After 90 days of treatment, rats were sacrificed, necropsied, and tissues were collected for analyses. Results show that 500 IU vitamin E was able to reduce the development of atherosclerosis lesion formation and aortic streak area compared to Orx control. More importantly, 500 mg aspirin completely reversed the fatty streak area and made the atherosclerotic lesions disappear. Vitamin E and aspirin were not able to reverse bone loss as shown by whole body, lumbar and femoral bone mineral content and bone mineral density due to gonadal hormone deficiency. Instead, 500 mg aspirin somewhat increased the trabecular separation while decreased trabecular thickness compared to Orx control. Our findings suggest that both, vitamin E and aspirin exert anti-atherogenic effects and aspirin is more effective than vitamin E in preventing atherosclerosis lesions in Orx rats.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

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