Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Retina. 2018 Oct 23. doi: 10.1097/IAE.0000000000002376. [Epub ahead of print]

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE THREE CAPILLARY PLEXUSES AND CHORIOCAPILLARIS IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE 1 AND TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS WITHOUT CLINICAL SIGNS OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY: A Prospective Pilot Study.

Author information

1
Retina and Vitreous Department, Institut Català de Retina (ICR), Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To separately evaluate the three retinal capillary plexuses and the choriocapillaris in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) Type 1 and Type 2, without clinical signs of diabetic retinopathy.

METHODS:

The study was prospective and cross-sectional. Only patients with age ≤55 years were included. We used a swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography device (Triton; Topcon, Tokyo, Japan) to obtain both quantitative and qualitative analysis of the retinal capillary plexuses (superficial capillary plexus; middle capillary plexus; and deep capillary plexus) and the choriocapillaris.

RESULTS:

We included 17 patients with DM Type 1 (age 34.52 ± 11.05 years, 29 eyes), 17 patients with DM Type 2 (age 48.76 ± 3.26 years, 32 eyes), and 23 healthy control subjects (age 41.82 ± 8.97 years, 43 eyes). When compared with controls, vessel density in the central 1 mm was reduced in both DM Type 1 and DM Type 2 groups in the superficial capillary plexus (P = 0.05 and P = 0.02, respectively), and in DM Type 2 in the deep capillary plexus (P = 0.03). Foveal avascular zone was increased in the middle capillary plexus and deep capillary plexus of DM Type 2 group compared with controls (P = 0.03 and P = 0.02, respectively). Choriocapillary voids were more frequent in DM Type 1 and DM Type 2 compared with controls (P = 0.003 and P < 0.001, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

Microvascular modifications are present in the three retinal capillary plexuses and the choriocapillaris in both DM Type 1 and DM Type 2 even in the absence of clinical signs of diabetic retinopathy.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center