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J BUON. 2018 Jul-Aug;23(4):1156-1162.

Management and treatment of children with medulloblastoma in Serbia, a middle-income country.

Author information

1
Institute for Oncology and Radiology of Serbia, Clinic for Radiation Oncology, Belgrade, Serbia.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim of this study was to present the management and treatment of children with medulloblastoma in Serbia, a middle-income country (MIC).

METHODS:

The data of 87 children diagnosed with medulloblastoma and treated at the Institute for Oncology and Radiology of Serbia from 2000 to 2013 were analyzed.

RESULTS:

The children's median age was 8.3 years (range 2.5-17.3). Eighty-two (94.2%) were 3 years or older. Sixtytwo (71.3%) patients had stage M0 medulloblastoma, 12 (13.8%) had stage M1 and 13 (14.9%) had stage M2 or M3. As of October 2015, 51 (58.6%) patients were alive and 31 (35.6%) had died. Five patients (5.7%) were lost to followup. Twenty-six patients relapsed. The median follow-up time was 58 months (range 4-187). Mean overall survival (OS) was 76.4% at 3 years, 66.2% at 5 years and 59.2% at 10 years. Mean disease-free survival (DFS) was 75.8% at 3 years, 62.8% at 5 years and 56.6% at 10 years. Mean OS of stage M0 patients was 86.4% at 3 years, 74% at 5 years and 63.1% at 10 years. The OS of stage M1, M2 and M3 patients combined was 48.9% at 3 years, 44.0% at 5 years and 37.7% at 10 years.

CONCLUSION:

In Serbia, a MIC, it is possible to achieve good treatment results in children with medulloblastoma using international treatment guidelines and recommendations, available resources and an experienced team of professionals dedicated to pediatric neurooncology.

PMID:
30358225

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