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Sensors (Basel). 2018 Oct 24;18(11). pii: E3607. doi: 10.3390/s18113607.

Key Enabling Technologies for Point-of-Care Diagnostics.

Author information

1
CNR NANOTEC, Institute of Nanotechnology, via Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy. elisabetta.primiceri@nanotec.cnr.it.
2
CNR NANOTEC, Institute of Nanotechnology, via Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy. mariaserena.chiriaco@nanotec.cnr.it.
3
Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma, via Gramsci 14, 43126 Parma, Italy. notarangelof@ao.pr.it.
4
Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma, via Gramsci 14, 43126 Parma, Italy. antonio.crocamo@studenti.unipr.it.
5
Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma, via Gramsci 14, 43126 Parma, Italy. dardissino@ao.pr.it.
6
STMicroelectronics S.r.l., via Olivetti 2, 20864 Agrate Brianza, Italy. marco.cereda@st.com.
7
STMicroelectronics S.r.l., via Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy. alessandro.bramanti@st.com.
8
STMicroelectronics S.r.l., via Olivetti 2, 20864 Agrate Brianza, Italy. marco.bianchessi@st.com.
9
National Institute of Gastroenterology, "S. De Bellis" Research Hospital, via Turi 27, 70013 Castellana Grotte, Italy. gianluigi.giannelli@irccsdebellis.it.
10
Department of Mathematics and Physics, University of Salento, via Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy. giuseppe.maruccio@unisalento.it.

Abstract

A major trend in biomedical engineering is the development of reliable, self-contained point-of-care (POC) devices for diagnostics and in-field assays. The new generation of such platforms increasingly addresses the clinical and environmental needs. Moreover, they are becoming more and more integrated with everyday objects, such as smartphones, and their spread among unskilled common people, has the power to improve the quality of life, both in the developed world and in low-resource settings. The future success of these tools will depend on the integration of the relevant key enabling technologies on an industrial scale (microfluidics with microelectronics, highly sensitive detection methods and low-cost materials for easy-to-use tools). Here, recent advances and perspectives will be reviewed across the large spectrum of their applications.

KEYWORDS:

biosensors; in vitro diagnostics; lab-on-chip; microfluidics; point-of-care

PMID:
30355989
PMCID:
PMC6263899
DOI:
10.3390/s18113607
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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