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G3 (Bethesda). 2018 Dec 10;8(12):3737-3743. doi: 10.1534/g3.118.200768.

Highly Continuous Genome Assembly of Eurasian Perch (Perca fluviatilis) Using Linked-Read Sequencing.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, University of Turku, 20014, Finland.
2
Chair of Aquaculture, Institute of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu, 51014, Estonia.
3
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, Michigan, 48824.
4
Institute of Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Tartu, Tartu, 50411, Estonia.
5
Department of Biology, University of Turku, 20014, Finland anti.vasemagi@slu.se.
6
Department of Aquatic Resources, Institute of Freshwater Research, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Drottningholm, 17893, Sweden.

Abstract

The Eurasian perch (Perca fluviatilis) is the most common fish of the Percidae family and is widely distributed across Eurasia. Perch is a popular target for professional and recreational fisheries, and a promising freshwater aquaculture species in Europe. However, despite its high ecological, economical and societal importance, the available genomic resources for P. fluviatilis are rather limited. In this work, we report de novo assembly and annotation of the whole genome sequence of perch. The linked-read based technology with 10X Genomics Chromium chemistry and Supernova assembler produced a draft perch genome ∼1.0 Gbp assembly (scaffold N 50 = 6.3 Mb; the longest individual scaffold of 29.3 Mb; BUSCO completeness of 88.0%), which included 281.6 Mb of putative repeated sequences. The perch genome assembly presented here, generated from small amount of starting material (0.75 ng) and a single linked-read library, is highly continuous and considerably more complete than the currently available draft of P. fluviatilis genome. A total of 23,397 protein-coding genes were predicted, 23,171 (99%) of which were annotated functionally from either sequence homology or protein signature searches. Linked-read technology enables fast, accurate and cost-effective de novo assembly of large non-model eukaryote genomes. The highly continuous assembly of the Eurasian perch genome presented in this study will be an invaluable resource for a range of genetic, ecological, physiological, ecotoxicological, functional and comparative genomic studies in perch and other fish species of the Percidae family.

KEYWORDS:

10X Genomics Chromium linked-read; Perca fluviatilis; de novo assembly; fish; whole genome sequencing

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