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Sci Rep. 2018 Oct 23;8(1):15621. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-33891-0.

Identification of Differentially Expressed Non-coding RNA in Porcine Alveolar Macrophages from Tongcheng and Large White Pigs Responded to PRRSV.

Zhen Y1,2, Wang F1,2, Liang W1,2, Liu J1,2, Gao G1,2, Wang Y1,2, Xu X1,2, Su Q1,2, Zhang Q3, Liu B4,5.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Agricultural Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction of Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Pig Genetics and Breeding of Ministry of Agriculture & College of Animal Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.
2
The Cooperative Innovation Center for Sustainable Pig Production, Wuhan, 430070, China.
3
Laboratory Animal Center, College of Animal Science and Technology & Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.
4
Key Laboratory of Agricultural Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction of Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Pig Genetics and Breeding of Ministry of Agriculture & College of Animal Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China. liubang@mail.hzau.edu.cn.
5
The Cooperative Innovation Center for Sustainable Pig Production, Wuhan, 430070, China. liubang@mail.hzau.edu.cn.

Abstract

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is one of the most ruinous diseases in pig production. Our previous work showed that Tongcheng pigs (TC) were less susceptible to PRRS virus (PRRSV) than Large White (LW) pigs. To elucidate the difference in PRRSV resistance between the two breeds, small RNA-seq and ribo-zero RNA-seq were used to identify differentially expressed non-coding RNAs (including miRNAs and lincRNAs) responded to PRRSV in porcine alveolar macrophages (PAMs) from TC and LW pigs. Totally, 250 known mature miRNAs were detected. For LW pigs, there were 44 down-regulated and 67 up-regulated miRNAs in infection group; while for TC pigs, 12 down-regulated and 23 up-regulated miRNAs in TC infection group were identified. The target genes of the common differentially expressed miRNAs (DEmiRNAs) in these two breeds were enriched in immune-related processes, including apoptosis process, inflammatory response, T cell receptor signaling pathway and so on. In addition, 5 shared DEmiRNAs (miR-181, miR-1343, miR-296-3p, miR-199a-3p and miR-34c) were predicted to target PRRSV receptors, of which miR-199a-3p was validated to inhibit the expression of CD151. Interestingly, miR-378 and miR-10a-5p, which could inhibit PRRSV replication, displayed higher expression level in TC control group than that in LW control group. Contrarily, miR-145-5p and miR-328, which were specifically down-regulated in LW pigs, could target inhibitory immunoreceptors and may involve in immunosuppression caused by PRRSV. This indicates that DEmiRNAs are involved in the regulation of the immunosuppression and immune escape of the two breeds. Furthermore, we identified 616 lincRNA transcripts, of which 48 and 30 lincRNAs were differentially expressed in LW and TC pigs, respectively. LincRNA TCONS_00125566 may play an important role in the entire regulatory network, and was predicted to regulate the expression of immune-related genes through binding with miR-1343 competitively. In conclusion, this study provides an important resource for further revealing the interaction between host and virus, which will specify a new direction for anti-PRRSV research.

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