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J Fluency Disord. 2018 Dec;58:1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.jfludis.2018.10.003. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Disclosure of stuttering and quality of life in people who stutter.

Author information

1
Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Montclair State University, United States. Electronic address: boylemi@montclair.edu.
2
Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Montclair State University, United States.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study investigated the disclosure practices of people who stutter, and the relationship between disclosure of stuttering and quality of life.

METHOD:

Participants were 322 adults who stutter recruited from speech-language pathologists and support group leaders. Participants completed a survey that contained items measuring level of disclosure of stuttering, as well as a global measure of self-rated quality of life. Participants were grouped into low, average, and high quality of life subgroups. Analysis of variance tests compared disclosure levels among these subgroups.

RESULTS:

The low quality of life subgroup reported significantly lower levels of disclosure compared to both the average and high quality of life subgroups. Participants with self-help/support group experience for stuttering demonstrated significantly higher levels of disclosure of stuttering compared to individuals without such experience. In addition, a substantial number of participants in the overall sample reported that they more than rarely feel the need to conceal stuttering from others (40%), and that no one knows that they stutter in many areas of life (37%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Attempts to conceal stuttering in at least some life situations are not uncommon among adults who stutter. However, being involved in self-help support groups may be a helpful way of increasing disclosure of stuttering. Speech-language pathologists should become aware of the positive relationship between disclosure of stuttering and quality of life and its relevance in assessment and treatment when working with people who stutter.

KEYWORDS:

Disclosure; Quality of life; Stuttering; Support groups

PMID:
30352701
DOI:
10.1016/j.jfludis.2018.10.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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