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Plant Sci. 2018 Nov;276:189-198. doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2018.08.021. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

Molecular characterization and expression analysis of the critical floral gene MdAGL24-like in red-fleshed apple.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, Shandong, China; College of Horticulture Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, Shandong, China.
2
State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, Shandong, China; College of Horticulture Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, Shandong, China. Electronic address: chenxs@sdau.edu.cn.

Abstract

The transition from vegetative to reproductive growth is the most dramatic phase change in plants. To better understand the molecular regulation of floral transition and flower development in red-fleshed apple (Malus sieversii f. niedzwetzkyana), we isolated and characterized a floral MADS-box gene, MdAGL24-like, which shares sequence similarity with AGAMOUS-LIKE 24 (AGL24) from other species. Spatial expression analysis showed that MdAGL24-like dynamically expressed in flowers, followed by roots and fruits. Subcellular localization analysis indicated that, like other transcript factors, MdAGL24-like was localized in the nucleus. Protein interaction analysis showed that MdAGL24-like could interact with MdSOC1 and MdAP1 in vivo and in vitro. MdAGL24-like and MdSOC1 could increase each other's expression by binding the CArG motifs in their promoters. Unlike MdSOC1, MdAGL24-like might indirectly promote the expression of MdLFY by upregulating the expression of MdSOC1. Ectopic expression of MdAGL24-like in wild-type Arabidopsis induced early flowering like the phenotypes induced by other AGL24 genes. Similar to AGL24 in Arabidopsis, MdAGL24-like could rescue the late-flowering phenotype of the agl24 mutant to some extent. These results help clarify the molecular mechanism underlying flowering and provide a means of shortening the juvenile period in red-fleshed apples and other fruit trees.

KEYWORDS:

Flowering; MADS-box gene; Malus sieversii f. niedzwetzkyana; MdAGL24-like; Transgenic Arabidopsis

PMID:
30348318
DOI:
10.1016/j.plantsci.2018.08.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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