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Gene. 1986;50(1-3):345-52.

Expression of human gastrin gene in normal and gastrinoma tissues.


The complete sequence of the human gastrin gene is reported here. This gene consists of three exons. Nine Alu family sequences are found within the gene and in the surrounding region. S1 mapping study showed that the transcription of gastrin gene starts at 60, 57, or 55 bp upstream from the 3' end of the first exon. The mechanism of mRNA synthesis in a gastrinoma tissue was studied to clarify the ectopic production of gastrin. It was found that mRNA synthesis starts from the same three transcriptional start points. Southern blotting profiles for normal gastric antrum and gastrinoma DNA were indistinguishable from each other within the 18-kb region containing the gastrin gene, showing that no genomic rearrangements are associated with the gastrinoma formation. Thus, the overproduction of gastrin in this tumor is likely to be due to an aberrant expression control system of the cell, rather than a change in the control region of the gastrin gene.

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