Send to

Choose Destination
Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr. 2018 Oct;21(4):264-270. doi: 10.5223/pghn.2018.21.4.264. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Initial Diagnosis of Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders in Children Increases a Chance for Resolution of Symptoms.

Author information

Referral Centre for Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Children's Hospital Zagreb, Croatia.
School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
School of Medicine, University J.J. Strossmayer of Osijek, Osijek, Croatia.



The aim of this study was to describe functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID) presented in a tertiary medical center, characteristics of patients and results of the diagnostic work-up together with an outcome during the follow up.


This was a retrospective, single center, observational study including all patients who were diagnosed with FGID based on Rome III criteria from January to December 2015 in tertiary medical center.


Overall 294 children were included (mean age, 8.9 years [range, 1-18 years]; 165 females). Majority had functional constipation (35.4%), followed by functional abdominal pain (30.6%), irritable bowel syndrome (17.0%), functional dyspepsia (12.6%), functional nausea (3.4%) and abdominal migraine (1.0%). Regression model found that only significant factor associated with improvement of symptoms is the establishment of the functional diagnosis at the first visit (hazard ratio, 2.163; 95% confidence inverval, 1.029-4.544). There was no association between improvement of symptoms and presence of alarm signs/symptoms (weight loss, nocturnal symptoms and severe vomiting) at diagnosis. Furthermore, in pain symptoms (functional abdominal pain, irritable bowel syndrome, dyspepsia) no treatment positively correlated with pain improvement.


Regardless of the initial diagnosis of FGID, positive diagnosis at the first visit increases a chance for resolution of symptoms.


Abdominal pain; Child; Constipation; Dyspepsia

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for The Korean Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center