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Curr Eye Res. 1987 Apr;6(4):611-6.

HSV-1 latency: thymidine kinase requirement and the round-trip theory.


The present study used the rabbit iontophoresis model to examine the thymidine kinase (TK) requirement for HSV-1 latency, and test the round trip theory of latency with emergent phenotypic mutations of the HSV-1 TK negative (TK-) inoculating strain. The results demonstrated repeated induced ocular shedding of latent HSV-1 in 14-100% of rabbits. The TK phenotype of recovered tear film following spontaneous shedding and repeated iontophoresis induction was thymidine kinase negative in 90% of eyes. Sequential shedding of TK- virus from the same eye over time was demonstrated in 21% of eyes in 33% of rabbits. We conclude that TK is not an absolute requirement for the establishment or reactivation of latent HSV-1 in the rabbit model. The round trip theory of latency was not supported as TK+ isolates and syncytial variants of the TK- inoculating strain which were recovered at the ocular surface after the initial iontophoresis could not be demonstrated following subsequent trials of iontophoresis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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