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World J Gastroenterol. 2018 Oct 14;24(38):4341-4355. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v24.i38.4341.

Temporal clinical, proteomic, histological and cellular immune responses of dextran sulfate sodium-induced acute colitis.

Author information

1
Frank Laboratory, Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States.
2
Gastroenterology and Hepatology Sciences Graduate Program, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre 90035-093, Brazil.

Abstract

AIM:

To investigate the temporal clinical, proteomic, histological and cellular immune profiles of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced acute colitis.

METHODS:

Acute colitis was induced in C57Bl/6 female mice by administration of 1%, 2% or 3% DSS in drinking water for 7 d. Animals were monitored daily for weight loss, stool consistency and blood in the stool, while spleens and colons were harvested on day 8. A time course analysis was performed in mice ingesting 3% DSS, which included colon proteomics through multiplex assay, colon histological scoring by a blinded investigator, and immune response through flow cytometry or immunohistochemistry of the spleen, mesenteric lymph node and colon.

RESULTS:

Progressive worsening of clinical colitis was observed with increasing DSS from 1% to 3%. In mice ingesting 3% DSS, colon shortening and increase in pro-inflammatory factors starting at day 3 was observed, with increased spleen weights at day 6 and day 8. This coincided with cellular infiltration in the colon from day 2 to day 8, with progressive accumulation of macrophages F4/80+, T helper CD4+ (Th), T cytotoxic CD8+ (Tcyt) and T regulatory CD25+ (Treg) cells, and progressive changes in colonic pathology including destruction of crypts, loss of goblet cells and depletion of the epithelial barrier. Starting on day 4, mesenteric lymph node and/or spleen presented with lower levels of Treg, Th and Tcyt cells, suggesting an immune cell tropism to the gut.

CONCLUSION:

These results demonstrate that the severity of experimental colitis is dependent on DSS concentration, correlated with clinical, proteomic, histological and cellular immune response on 3% DSS.

KEYWORDS:

Dextran sulfate sodium; Inflammation; Inflammatory bowel diseases; Proteomics; Ulcerative colitis

PMID:
30344419
PMCID:
PMC6189848
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v24.i38.4341
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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