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Cancer Res. 1987 Jul 1;47(13):3384-7.

Formation of DNA interstrand cross-links by the novel chloroethylating agent 2-chloroethyl(methylsulfonyl)methanesulfonate: suppression by O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase purified from human leukemic lymphoblasts.


The formation of DNA interstrand cross-links was compared in DNA treated with either 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea or 2-chloroethyl(methylsulfonyl)methanesulfonate. DNA that was pulse treated briefly with either of these drugs continued to form cross-links at 37 degrees C for over 8 h after drug removal, indicating that such DNA contained stable precursors of cross-links. When human O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase was added to the drug-treated DNA further cross-link formation was prevented at all points during this protracted time course, indicating that these stable cross-link precursors also remained substrates for this repair enzyme. Although the pattern of 2-chloroethyl(methylsulfonyl)methanesulfonate-induced cross-link formation and susceptibility to suppression by O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase resembled that for 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea, quantitative differences in the rates of cross-link formation and in the amounts of O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase required to suppress cross-link formation suggest that critical differences exist between these agents.

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