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Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2018 Nov;48(6):1087-1102. doi: 10.1016/j.cvsm.2018.07.008.

Toxicology of Marijuana, Synthetic Cannabinoids, and Cannabidiol in Dogs and Cats.

Author information

1
Pet Poison Helpline, SafetyCall International, 3600 American Boulevard West, Suite 725, Bloomington, MN 55431, USA; Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 301 Veterinary Science Building, 1971 Commonwealth Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA. Electronic address: abrutlag@petpoisonhelpline.com.
2
Pet Poison Helpline, SafetyCall International, 3600 American Boulevard West, Suite 725, Bloomington, MN 55431, USA.

Abstract

Pet exposure to marijuana-containing products-both recreational and medicinal-along with exposure to extracts such as cannabidiol is increasing in conjunction with greater accessibility. Cannabis products are even sold for use in pets. In addition, exposure to illegal synthetic cannabinoids remains concerning. Veterinarians need to be able to recognize associated clinical signs and understand when cases have the potential for severity. This article provides a brief history of cannabis along with a review of the endocannabinoid system, common cannabis products, expected clinical signs, and medical treatment approaches associated with cannabis exposure in pets.

KEYWORDS:

CBD; Cannabis; Marijuana concentrates; Medical marijuana; Poisoning; Street or illicit drugs; Synthetic marijuana; THC; Toxicity

PMID:
30342565
DOI:
10.1016/j.cvsm.2018.07.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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