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Sci Rep. 2018 Oct 19;8(1):15509. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-33647-w.

A cAMP/CRP-controlled mechanism for the incorporation of extracellular ADP-glucose in Escherichia coli involving NupC and NupG nucleoside transporters.

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Instituto de Agrobiotecnología (CSIC, UPNA, Gobierno de Navarra), Iruñako etorbidea 123, 31192, Mutiloa, Nafarroa, Spain.
Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular de Rosario (IBR, CONICET), Departamento de Microbiología, Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Suipacha 521, 2000, Rosario, Argentina.
Data Science Center, Division of Biological Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Ikoma, Nara, 630-0101, Japan.
Instituto de Agrobiotecnología (CSIC, UPNA, Gobierno de Navarra), Iruñako etorbidea 123, 31192, Mutiloa, Nafarroa, Spain.


ADP-glucose is the precursor of glycogen biosynthesis in bacteria, and a compound abundant in the starchy plant organs ingested by many mammals. Here we show that the enteric species Escherichia coli is capable of scavenging exogenous ADP-glucose for use as a glycosyl donor in glycogen biosynthesis and feed the adenine nucleotide pool. To unravel the molecular mechanisms involved in this process, we screened the E. coli single-gene deletion mutants of the Keio collection for glycogen content in ADP-glucose-containing culture medium. In comparison to wild-type (WT) cells, individual ∆nupC and ∆nupG mutants lacking the cAMP/CRP responsive inner-membrane nucleoside transporters NupC and NupG displayed reduced glycogen contents and slow ADP-glucose incorporation. In concordance, ∆cya and ∆crp mutants accumulated low levels of glycogen and slowly incorporated ADP-glucose. Two-thirds of the glycogen-excess mutants identified during screening lacked functions that underlie envelope biogenesis and integrity, including the RpoE specific RseA anti-sigma factor. These mutants exhibited higher ADP-glucose uptake than WT cells. The incorporation of either ∆crp, ∆nupG or ∆nupC null alleles sharply reduced the ADP-glucose incorporation and glycogen content initially witnessed in ∆rseA cells. Overall, the data showed that E. coli incorporates extracellular ADP-glucose through a cAMP/CRP-regulated process involving the NupC and NupG nucleoside transporters that is facilitated under envelope stress conditions.

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