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Comb Chem High Throughput Screen. 2018;21(8):567-570. doi: 10.2174/1386207321666181018163940.

Inexpensive Weight-Reducing Aid (L-Carnitine) as An Efficient Catalyst for Synthesis of Benzimidazoles.

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School of Chemical & Environmental Engineering, Wuyi University, Jiangmen 529020, China.



The benzimidazole derivatives have been obtained via weightreducing aid (L-Carnitine) as a cheap catalyst. A wide range of aromatic aldehydes easily undergo condensations with substituted o-phenylendiamine under mild condition to afford the target molecular in excellent yields.


Melting points were measured on an Electrothemal X6 microscopy digital melting point apparatus. 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectra were recorded in DMSO-d6 on a Bruker AVANCE 400 (400 MHz) instrument with the TMS at d 0.00 ppm as an internal standard. C, H and N analysis were performed by a Perkin-Elmer 2400 CHN elemental analyzer. Chemicals used were of commercial grade without further purification. An equimloar (1.0 mmol) mixture of o-phenylenediamine 1, aromatic aldehyde 2, and L-Carnitine (10 mol%) was vigorously stirred at 60°C in EtOH (3 mL) for the specific time indicated by TLC (petroleum: ethyl acetate ether = 4:1). After completion of the reaction, the mixture was quenched by adding H2O (20 mL), extracted with EtOAc (3 x 10 mL), and the combined extracts were dried by anhydrous MgSO4. The filtrate was evaporated and the corresponding benzimidazole was obtained as the only product. The products 3a-3r were obtained in 82-95% yields. The structures of the products 3 were identified by their IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and elemental analysis spectra.


The products were obtained in 82-95% yields in 30-80 min. The method has several advantages such as simple, clean and environmentally process, excellent yield and avoiding use of inconvenient preparation of catalyst. Meanwhile, the catalyst L-Carnitine is a kind of weightreducing aid, which might be applied to broad green catalyzed system.


A facile synthesis of benzimidazoles comprising the reaction of various aldehydes with substituted o-phenylendiamine in good to excellent yield is provided using L-Carnitine as an efficient catalyst. The protocol overcomes the earlier disadvantages like harsh reaction conditions, tedious work-up, expensive process, wastes generation and the use of metallic oxide, which might be applied to the synthesis of benzimidazoles pharmaceticals in order to meet friendly environmental demands.


2-arylbenzimidazoles; Green protocol; L-Carnitine; benzimidazole; catalysis; heterocycles.

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