Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Oncogene. 2019 Mar;38(10):1639-1650. doi: 10.1038/s41388-018-0521-8. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

mTOR kinase leads to PTEN-loss-induced cellular senescence by phosphorylating p53.

Jung SH1,2, Hwang HJ1,2, Kang D1,2, Park HA1,2, Lee HC1,2, Jeong D3, Lee K3, Park HJ2,4, Ko YG5, Lee JS6,7.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Medicine, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, 22212, Korea.
2
Hypoxia-related Disease Research Center, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, 22212, Korea.
3
Department of Biomedical Science, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Gangwon-do, 24252, Korea.
4
Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, 22212, Korea.
5
Division of Life Sciences, Korea University, Seoul, 02841, Korea.
6
Department of Molecular Medicine, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, 22212, Korea. jaeslee@inha.ac.kr.
7
Hypoxia-related Disease Research Center, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, 22212, Korea. jaeslee@inha.ac.kr.

Abstract

Loss of PTEN, the major negative regulator of the PI3K/AKT pathway induces a cellular senescence as a failsafe mechanism to defend against tumorigenesis, which is called PTEN-loss-induced cellular senescence (PICS). Although many studies have indicated that the mTOR pathway plays a critical role in cellular senescence, the exact functions of mTORC1 and mTORC2 in PICS are not well understood. In this study, we show that mTOR acts as a critical relay molecule downstream of PI3K/AKT and upstream of p53 in PICS. We found that PTEN depletion induces cellular senescence via p53-p21 signaling without triggering DNA damage response. mTOR kinase, a major component of mTORC1 and mTORC2, directly binds p53 and phosphorylates it at serine 15. mTORC1 and mTORC2 compete with MDM2 and increase the stability of p53 to induce cellular senescence via accumulation of the cell cycle inhibitor, p21. In embryonic fibroblasts of PTEN-knockout mice, PTEN deficiency also induces mTORC1 and mTORC2 to bind to p53 instead of MDM2, leading to cellular senescence. These results collectively demonstrate for the first time that mTOR plays a critical role in switching cells from proliferation signaling to senescence signaling via a direct link between the growth-promoting activity of AKT and the growth-suppressing activity of p53.

PMID:
30337688
DOI:
10.1038/s41388-018-0521-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center