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Ann Card Anaesth. 2018 Oct-Dec;21(4):393-401. doi: 10.4103/aca.ACA_202_17.

Is elevated blood glucose a marker of occult tissue hypoperfusion in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting?

Author information

1
Department of Cardiac Anaesthesiology, Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Abstract

Context:

Hyperglycemia has been found to occur during myocardial infarction and cardiac surgery even in nondiabetic patients. These being essentially stressful processes associated with hypoperfusion, we decided to find a possible relationship between the occurrence of global tissue hypoperfusion (GTH) and elevated blood glucose level in adult nondiabetic patients undergoing elective off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

Aims:

This study aims to observe for the occurrence of global tissue hypoperfusion and its effect on blood glucose level and whether raised blood glucose level can be used as a marker for GTH.

Design:

Prospective, observational study.

Settings:

Cardiothoracic operation theater and intensive care unit of a tertiary care teaching hospital.

Materials and Methods:

The occurrence of global tissue hypoperfusion were detected with the help of combined markers of mixed venous oxygen saturation and arterial lactate level at various perioperative study points together with arterial blood glucose level. Blood glucose level compared between the patients with and without GTH.

Statistical Analysis Used:

Numerical variables were compared between groups by Student's t-test and categorical variables by Fisher's exact test. Two-tailed P ≤ 0.05 was considered for statistically significant.

Results:

The incidence of GTH was 67%. Blood glucose level was raised in patients with GTH at some study time points but with poor sensitivity and specificity values.

Conclusions:

Global tissue hypoperfusion is a common occurrence in even nondiabetic patients undergoing elective off-pump CABG. A relationship exists between rise in blood glucose level and global tissue hypoperfusion in such patients, although it cannot be viewed as marker of the same.

KEYWORDS:

Hyperglycemia; hypoperfusion; nondiabetic; off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting

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