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Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2019 Jan;128(1):13-21. doi: 10.1177/0003489418805504. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Perioperative Risk Factors Associated With Morbidity and Mortality Following Pediatric Inpatient Sinus Surgery.

Author information

1
1 School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.
2
2 Division of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.
3
3 Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.
4
4 Department of Anesthesiology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.
5
5 Division of Biomedical Informatics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES::

Pediatric sinus surgery is indicated for a wide range of sinonasal and skull base pathologies, but it is most commonly performed for recalcitrant chronic rhinosinusitis or complicated acute sinusitis. The authors aim to report medical risk factors of morbidity and mortality following inpatient sinus surgery in the pediatric population.

METHODS::

Using data from the Kids' Inpatient Database from 2003 to 2012, patients with International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, procedure codes for primary sinus surgery were identified. Mixed-effect multivariable logistic regression was used to identify risk factors of inpatient postoperative morbidity and mortality.

RESULTS::

The final sample included a weighted estimate of 4965 pediatric patients. The rates of inpatient morbidity and mortality were 6% and 1%, respectively. Respiratory complications (2.5%) were the most prevalent postoperative adverse events. The most prevalent comorbidities were chronic sinusitis (59.8%), acute sinusitis (27.8%), and cystic fibrosis (26.4%). Compared with patients who did not experience any morbidity, patients with inpatient morbidity had higher rates of pneumonia, mycoses, and nasal or paranasal benign neoplasm ( P < .05). The odds of inpatient morbidity and mortality were highest for patients with leukemia (odds ratio, 2.74; 95% confidence interval, 1.59-4.72; P < .001) and mycoses (odds ratio, 15.84; 95% confidence interval, 6.45-38.89; P < .001), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS::

This study is the first to report the national comorbidity burden and risk factors for postoperative adverse events following inpatient sinus surgery. Knowledge of the comorbidities and independent factors associated with morbidity and mortality will help in directing preoperative optimization and counseling.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE::

2c.

KEYWORDS:

complications; cystic fibrosis; pediatric; sinus surgery; sinusitis

PMID:
30328698
DOI:
10.1177/0003489418805504
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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