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Clin Auton Res. 2019 Apr;29(2):195-204. doi: 10.1007/s10286-018-0569-0. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Deceleration and acceleration capacities of heart rate in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Fuxing Road 28#, Haidian District, Beijing, 100853, China. ylooliu@163.com.
2
National Engineering Laboratory for Neuromodulation, School of Aerospace Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.
3
Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Beijing, 100050, China.
4
Neurosurgery, Beijing Tian Tan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100050, China.
5
Neurosurgery, Sanbo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100093, China.
6
Neurosurgery, Peking University First Hospital FengTai Hospital, Beijing, 100071, China.
7
Neurosurgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Fucheng Road, Beijing, 100048, China.
8
Neurosurgery, YuQuan Hospital, TsingHua University, Beijing, 100040, China.
9
Neurosurgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Fuxing Road, Beijing, 100853, China.
10
Neurosurgery, Navy General Hospital, Beijing, 100048, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Epilepsy and seizures can have dramatic effects on cardiac function. The aim of the present study was to investigate deceleration capacity, acceleration capacity and their 24-h fluctuations of heart rate variability in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy.

METHODS:

Deceleration capacity, acceleration capacity of heart rate and their 24-h dynamics derived from the phase rectified signal averaging method as well as traditional measures were analyzed in 39 patients with drug-resistant epilepsy and 33 healthy control subjects using 24-h electrocardiogram recordings. The discriminatory power of heart rate variability measures were validated by assessment of the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Net reclassification improvement and integrated discrimination improvement models were also estimated.

RESULTS:

Both deceleration capacity and absolute values of acceleration capacity were significantly lower in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy. The abnormal suppression of absolute deceleration capacity and acceleration capacity values were observed throughout the 24-h recording time (peaked at about 3 to 5 A.M.). Deceleration capacity had the greatest discriminatory power to differentiate the patients from the healthy controls. Moreover, in both net reclassification improvement and integrated discrimination improvement models, the combination of acceleration capacity or deceleration capacity with traditional heart rate variability measures has greater discriminatory power than any of the single heart rate variability features.

INTERPRETATION:

Drug-resistant epilepsy was associated with a significant inhibition of vagal modulation of heart rate, which was more pronounced during the night than during the day. These findings indicate that phase rectified signal averaging method may serve as a complementary approach for characterizing and understanding the neuro-pathophysiology in epilepsy, and may provide a new clue to sudden unexpected death in epilepsy.

KEYWORDS:

Acceleration capacity; Autonomic nervous system; Deceleration capacity; Drug-resistant epilepsy; Heart rate variability

PMID:
30328033
DOI:
10.1007/s10286-018-0569-0

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