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Contrast Media Mol Imaging. 2018 Sep 19;2018:3181258. doi: 10.1155/2018/3181258. eCollection 2018.

Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Imaging as a Prognostic Tool in Early Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer: Correlation with PSA and Clinical Stage.

Author information

1
Department of Oncology, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.
2
Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
3
Department of Radiology, Medical Imaging Centre, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.
4
Department of Medical Physics, Medical Imaging Centre, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.

Abstract

Background and Purpose:

Although several methods have been developed to predict the outcome of patients with prostate cancer, early diagnosis of individual patient remains challenging. The aim of the present study was to correlate tumor perfusion parameters derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and clinical prognostic factors and further to explore the diagnostic value of DCE-MRI parameters in early stage prostate cancer.

Patients and Methods:

Sixty-two newly diagnosed patients with histologically proven prostate adenocarcinoma were enrolled in our prospective study. Transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy (12 cores, 6 on each lobe) was performed in each patient. Pathology was reviewed and graded according to the Gleason system. DCE-MRI was performed and analyzed using a two-compartmental model; quantitative parameters including volume transfer constant (K trans), reflux constant (K ep), and initial area under curve (iAUC) were calculated from the tumors and correlated with prostate-specific antigen (PSA), Gleason score, and clinical stage.

Results:

K trans (0.11 ± 0.02 min-1 versus 0.16 ± 0.06 min-1; p < 0.05), K ep (0.38 ± 0.08 min-1 versus 0.60 ± 0.23 min-1; p < 0.01), and iAUC (14.33 ± 2.66 mmoL/L/min versus 17.40 ± 5.97 mmoL/L/min; p < 0.05) were all lower in the clinical stage T1c tumors (tumor number, n=11) than that of tumors in clinical stage T2 (n=58). Serum PSA correlated with both tumor K trans (r=0.304, p < 0.05) and iAUC (r=0.258, p < 0.05).

Conclusions:

Our study has confirmed that DCE-MRI is a promising biomarker that reflects the microcirculation of prostate cancer. DCE-MRI in combination with clinical prognostic factors may provide an effective new tool for the basis of early diagnosis and treatment decisions.

PMID:
30327584
PMCID:
PMC6169212
DOI:
10.1155/2018/3181258
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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