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Violence Against Women. 2019 Jun;25(8):945-967. doi: 10.1177/1077801218805587. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Gender Differences in Violence and Other Human Rights Abuses Among Migrant Workers on the Thailand-Myanmar Border.

Author information

1
1 Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
2
2 Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.
3
3 Independent consultant, Nairobi, Kenya.
4
4 Social Action for Women, Mae Sot, Thailand.

Abstract

We describe human rights violations against migrant workers at the Thailand-Myanmar border, and evaluate differences by gender and industry. This mixed methods study pairs key informant interviews ( n = 40) with a cross-sectional quantitative survey of migrant workers from Myanmar ( n = 589) recruited via respondent-driven sampling. Key informants described significant hazards during migration, including deception, theft, and physical and sexual abuse, the latter primarily for women. Quantitative results confirmed prevalent mistreatment and abuse, with significant gender differences, most notably women's disproportionate burden of sexual abuse. Current evidence on the nature of experiences, and significant differences by gender, can position prevention and response programming.

KEYWORDS:

exploitation; gender; human rights; migrant worker; migration; sex work; violence

PMID:
30326821
DOI:
10.1177/1077801218805587

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