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J Biomater Appl. 2018 Oct;33(4):553-565. doi: 10.1177/0885328218803754.

An electrochemically deposited collagen wound matrix combined with adipose-derived stem cells improves cutaneous wound healing in a mouse model of type 2 diabetes.

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1 Southwest Research Institute, Department of Pharmaceuticals and Bioengineering, San Antonio, TX, USA.
2 University of Texas at San Antonio, Department of Biomedical Engineering, San Antonio, TX, USA.
5 University of Michigan, Department of Surgery, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
3 University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Department of Medicine, San Antonio, TX, USA.
4 United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA.


Chronic wounds complicated by diabetes are a significant clinical issue, and their occurrence is expected to continue to rise due to an increased prevalence of diabetes mellitus, especially type 2 diabetes. Diabetic wounds frequently lead to nonhealing ulcers, and often eventually result in limb amputation due to the high risk of infection of the chronic wound. Here, we present a tissue-engineered treatment that combines a novel electrochemically deposited collagen wound matrix and human adipose-derived stem cells. The matrix fabrication process is optimized for voltage and time, and the final collagen biomaterial is thoroughly characterized. This collagen material possesses high tensile strength, high porosity, and excellent biocompatibility and cellular proliferation capabilities. Human adipose-derived stem cells were seeded onto the collagen wound matrix and this construct is investigated in a full thickness excisional wound in a mouse model of type 2 diabetes. This novel treatment is shown to stimulate excellent healing and tissue regeneration, resulting in increased granulation tissue formation, epidermal thickness, and overall higher quality tissue reformation. Both the collagen wound matrix alone and collagen wound matrix in combination with adipose derived stem cells appeared to be excellent treatments for diabetic skin wounds, and in the future can also be optimized to treat other injuries such as burns, blast injuries, surgical incisions, and other traumatic injuries.


Chronic wound; adipose-derived stem cells; collagen; diabetic ulcer; electrochemical deposition; type 2 diabetes; wound healing

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