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Laryngoscope. 2019 Aug;129(8):1791-1799. doi: 10.1002/lary.27569. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

How design characteristics of tracheostomy tubes affect the cannula and tracheal flows.

Author information

1
Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.A.
2
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.A.
3
Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.A.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to perform computational simulations of airflow within an anatomically accurate model of an adult trachea in different tracheostomy tube designs. We hypothesized that tracheal airflow in patients is significantly influenced by the geometry and size of these devices.

METHODS:

The three-dimensional (3D) geometry of the trachea was reconstructed using computed tomography scans for an adult with no history of lung disease. 3D models of four cuffed tube designs, namely Tracoe, Portex, and Shiley Proximal and Distal tracheostomy tubes were generated using geometric modeling software. Transient simulations of airflow in the tube-airway assembly were performed for each tube using computational fluid dynamics (CFD).

RESULTS:

Airflow velocity was higher for the Shiley tubes compared with Portex and Tracoe tubes. For all designs, the largest magnitude of inspiratory airflow turbulence was obtained midway in the trachea. The work of breathing, quantified by the resistance of the tracheostomy tube, was lowest for Tracoe. Maximum airway wall shear stress (WSS), defined as flow-induced frictional forces, occurred at the same spatial location in all cases. Low inspiratory WSS at the carina and high expiratory airway WSS at the cuff-airway interface were observed for the Tracoe and Portex tubes.

CONCLUSION:

Our CFD model offers a promising approach not only for choosing a tracheostomy tube for a patient but for improving existing tracheostomy tube designs.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

NA Laryngoscope, 129:1791-1799, 2019.

KEYWORDS:

Tracheostomy; airflow characteristics; computational fluid dynamics

PMID:
30325519
DOI:
10.1002/lary.27569
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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