Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Laryngoscope. 2019 Mar;129(3):655-661. doi: 10.1002/lary.27358. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Outpatient versus inpatient parotidectomy: Comparison of postoperative complication rates.

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.A.
2
the Center for Skull Base and Pituitary Surgery, Neurological Institute of New Jersey, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.A.
3
the Department of Neurological Surgery, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.A.
4
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.A.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Parotidectomies have become a common outpatient procedure, but their impact on postoperative complications as compared to inpatient procedures has not been evaluated in a multi-institutional study.

STUDY DESIGN:

The aim of this retrospective analysis was to evaluate the differences in outcomes using a standardized cohort of patients undergoing outpatient or inpatient parotidectomies.

METHODS:

The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried for parotidectomies between 2005 and 2014. Univariate analyses were conducted to compare the outpatient and inpatient cohorts. A propensity-matching algorithm was used to ensure equal distribution of demographics and preoperative comorbidities.

RESULTS:

Among the 4,368 parotidectomies examined, 2,915 (66.7%) were outpatient and 1,453 (33.3%) were inpatient. In the unmatched analysis, the inpatient group had higher rates of smokers (P = < 0.001), hypertension (P = 0.003), and disseminated cancer (P = 0.014). The outpatient group had higher rates of patients under age 40 years (P = 0.015), females (P = 0.016), and American Society of Anesthesiology class 1 and 2 (P = < 0.001). The total work relative value units (RVUs) were 17.01 ± 3.44 for the inpatient cohort and 16.19 ± 3.70 for the outpatient cohort (P = < 0.001). Following propensity matching, 1,352 cases were selected for each cohort, with no significant differences in comorbidities. Total work RVU after matching was 16.90 ± 3.47 for the inpatient group and 16.75 ± 3.44 for the outpatient group (P = .235). The matched inpatient cohort had increased rates of surgical complications (3.1% vs. 1.8%, P = 0.033), pneumonia (0.5% vs. 0.0%, P = 0.016), and overall complications (4.5% vs. 2.6%, P = 0.009).

CONCLUSION:

Outpatient parotidectomies are associated with similar as well as decreased complication rates as compared to inpatient parotidectomies.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

4 Laryngoscope, 129:655-661, 2019.

KEYWORDS:

Otolaryngology; database; outcomes; outpatient; parotidectomy

PMID:
30325503
DOI:
10.1002/lary.27358

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center