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Injury. 2018 Dec;49(12):2142-2146. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2018.10.011. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Biomechanical assessment of single LISS versus double-plate osteosynthesis in the AO type 33-C2 fractures: A finite element analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics, Chinese PLA General Hospital, No. 28 Fuxing Road, Beijing, 100853, PR China.
2
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, 100191, PR China.
3
Department of Orthopaedics, The Third People's Hospital of Qingdao, No. 29 Yongping Road, Qingdao, 266041, PR China.
4
Department of Emergency, Chinese PLA General Hospital, No. 28 Fuxing Road, Beijing, 100853, PR China.
5
Logistics University of People's Armed Police Force, Chenglin Road, Tianjin, 300162, PR China.
6
Department of Orthopaedics, Chinese PLA General Hospital, No. 28 Fuxing Road, Beijing, 100853, PR China. Electronic address: pftang301@163.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

In the present study, we assessed the biomechanical advantage between the single LISS and double-plate used in AO type 33-C2 fractures with the method of finite element analysis, which will help surgeons choose the optimal therapy to the unstable distal femoral fracture.

METHODS:

The AO type 33-C2 fractures and the models of LISS plate and medial plate was constructed in 3-matic software and UG-NX software respectively. We then assembled the single plate and the double-plate to the fracture model separately to form the fixation models. After meshing the models' elements, we used the Abaqus software to perform the finite element analysis. Values of peak Von Mises Stress (VMS) on the plate, maximum deformation of the models and the distance changes of the fracture gap were used to capture the mechanical factors in this study.

RESULTS:

Our results indicated that the single LISS underwent 1.2 times higher amount of stress than the double-plate (316.0 MPa VS 281.6 MPa). And the medial plate dispersed some stresses (the maximum stress is 47.4 MPa). Single-plate generated 3 times greater bending angle than double-plate (0.6° VS 0.2°). The bending angles of the single and double-fixation-fracture models are 0.9° and 0.3° respectively. The maximum distance changes of the fracture gap in the single-plate model was 2 times higher than that of double-plate model (2.6 mm VS 1.3 mm). In the torsional load analysis, peak VMS of the single and double model was 1.0 MPa and 0.8 MPa respectively. And the bending angle was 0.8° in the single model and 0.4° in the double model.

CONCLUSIONS:

The double-plate is more effective scenario using in the distal femoral fractures, particular in unstable fractures with joint involvement.

KEYWORDS:

Double plates; Finite element analysis; LISS plate; Unstable distal femoral fractures

PMID:
30322705
DOI:
10.1016/j.injury.2018.10.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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