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Orthopedics. 2018 Nov 1;41(6):e831-e836. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20181010-01. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Hip and Groin Injuries Among Collegiate Male Soccer Players: The 10-Year Epidemiology, Incidence, and Prevention.

Abstract

The physical and demanding style of play in soccer places these athletes at an elevated risk for hip and groin injuries. Several studies have examined hip and groin injuries in professional and youth soccer in European countries, but few have involved American counterparts. Hip injury data were analyzed retrospectively from the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program for the 2004 to 2014 academic years for collegiate men's soccer. This study found that hip and groin injuries among collegiate male soccer players were most often new injuries (87.8%; n=527) that were noncontact in nature (77.3%; n=464) and resulted in time loss of less than 7 days (67.5%; n=405). Hip injuries were significantly more likely during the pre-season (5.72 per 1000 athlete exposures) relative to in-season (injury proportion ratio, 1.64; 95% confidence interval, 1.39-1.94) and post-season (injury proportion ratio, 1.69; 95% confidence interval, 1.18-2.41). Further, they were more likely in competition relative to practice (injury proportion ratio, 2.33; 95% confidence interval, 1.98-2.74). The most common injuries were adductor strains (46.5%; n=279) followed by hip flexor strains (27.3%; n=164) and hip contusions (10.8%; n=65). Among these injuries, adductor (73.1%; n=204) and hip flexor (59.8%; n=98) strains were more commonly noncontact related and occurred in practice, whereas hip contusions were due to contact and during competition. The study of the complex and lingering nature of hip and groin injuries in soccer players is critical because these injuries not only are prevalent but also have multifactorial risks associated with coexisting pathologies that make them difficult to prevent and treat effectively. [Orthopedics. 2018; 41(6):e831-e836.].

PMID:
30321437
DOI:
10.3928/01477447-20181010-01
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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