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Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2019 Feb;48(2):217-224. doi: 10.1016/j.ijom.2018.09.011. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Prevention and detection of prosthetic temporomandibular joint infections-update.

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Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA. Electronic address:


Prosthetic joint infections are not only distressing complications for patients and surgeons, but also have an enormous financial impact on healthcare systems. The reported incidence of prosthetic joint infection is likely underestimated due to difficulties in their diagnosis. This unfortunate complication has challenged joint replacement surgeons for years, despite all the advances made in this surgical discipline. Since eradication of these infections can be very difficult, prevention remains the primary objective. Identifying recipient risk factors, adopting a proper surgical technique, appropriate wound care, optimizing the operating room environment, and appropriate postoperative care have become some of the core elements that can help to minimize the overall incidence of this complication. The purpose of this article is to provide the temporomandibular joint replacement surgeon with an update on the prevention and detection of prosthetic joint infections based on a review of the most recent information published in the orthopedic and surgical literature.


prosthetic joint infection (PJI); surgical site infection (SSI); temporomandibular joint replacement (TMJR)


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