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Pediatr Transplant. 2018 Dec;22(8):e13295. doi: 10.1111/petr.13295. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Clinical implication of renal allograft volume to recipient body surface area ratio in pediatric renal transplant.

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Division of Urology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Institute of Urology, St. Luke's Medical Center, Quezon City, Philippines.
Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Department of Surgery, University of Padova, Padua, Veneto, Italy.
Department of Surgery, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
Department of Nephrology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Our study aims to assess the clinical implication of RAV/rBSA ratio in PRT as a predictor for attained renal function at 1 year post-transplantation and its association with surgical complications. A retrospective cohort was performed for PRT cases from January 2000 to December 2015 in our institution. Extracted clinical information includes the recipient's demographics, donor type, renal allograft characteristics, arterial, venous and ureteral anastomoses, vascular anastomosis time while kidney off ice, overall operative time, and estimated blood loss. The RAV/rBSA was extrapolated and assessed for its association with renal graft function attained in 1 year post-transplantation and surgical complications within 30-day post-transplantation. A total of 324 PRTs cases were analyzed. The cohort consisted of 187 (52.4%) male and 137 (42.3%) female recipients, with 152 (46.9%) living donor and 172 (53.1%) deceased donor renal transplants, and an overall median age of 155.26 months (IQR 76.70-186.98) at time of renal transplantation. The receiver operating characteristic identified that a RAV/rBSA ratio of 135 was the optimal cutoff in determining the renal graft function outcome. Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed the relative OR for RAV/rBSA ≥ 135 ratio in predicting an eGFR ≥ 90 attained within 1 year post-transplant was highest among younger pediatric recipients (<142.5 months) of deceased kidney donors (OR = 11.143, 95% CI = 3.156-39.34). Conversely, Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that RAV/rBSA ratio ≥ 135 is associated with lower odds of having eGFR <60 (OR = 0.417, 95% CI = 0.203-0.856). The RAV/rBSA ratio was not associated nor predictive of transplant-related surgical complications. Our study determined that the RAV/rBSA ratio is predictive of renal graft function at 1-year PRT, but not associated with any increased surgical complications.


body surface area; pediatric renal transplant; renal allograft volume; renal function

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