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J Invertebr Pathol. 2018 Nov;159:71-77. doi: 10.1016/j.jip.2018.10.006. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Prevalence, typing and phylogenetic analysis of Melissococcus plutonius strains from bee colonies of the State of Chihuahua, Mexico.

Author information

1
Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A.C. Av. Rio Conchos s/n, parque industrial, Z.C. 31570, Cuauhtémoc, Chihuahua, Mexico.
2
Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A.C. Av. Rio Conchos s/n, parque industrial, Z.C. 31570, Cuauhtémoc, Chihuahua, Mexico. Electronic address: cacosta@ciad.mx.

Abstract

European foulbrood (EFB) caused by Melissococcus plutonius is an important bee brood disease but, in Mexico, information about this bacterium is limited. We evaluated the prevalence of typical and atypical strains in beehives of seven apicultural regions of the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. We performed MLST and phylogenetic analysis to characterize the isolates. Prevalence was highest 59%, in the region of Chihuahua, and lowest, 14%, in the regions of Cuauhtémoc and Nuevo Casas Grandes. Typical and atypical strains were identified in hives from all regions; however, in the regions of Parral, Cuauhtémoc and Aldama, the atypical strains were only detected in combination with typical strains. We obtained 81 isolates of M. plutonius and identified seven sequence types, of which three were new types. Additionally, we observed a relation between sequence type and the region where the strain was isolated. Phylogenetic analysis and multilocus sequence typing using goeBURST analysis showed that 97.5% of the isolates correspond to the Clonal Complex (CC) 12 and 2.5% to the CC3. Our work is the first molecular characterization of M. plutonius in Mexico and contributes to global information about the epidemiology of this pathogen.

KEYWORDS:

Apis mellifera; Atypical strain; Epidemiology; European foulbrood; Multi-locus sequence typing; Typical strain

PMID:
30312627
DOI:
10.1016/j.jip.2018.10.006

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