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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2019 Jan;100(1):9-16. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.08.188. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Effects of a Patient-Centered Graded Exposure Intervention Added to Manual Therapy for Women With Chronic Pelvic Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Therapy, University of Granada, Spain.
2
Department of Physical Therapy, University of Granada, Spain. Electronic address: cvalenza@ugr.es.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore the effects of a 6-week patient-centered graded exposure intervention added to manual therapy in women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and fear of movement/(re)injury.

DESIGN:

Prospective 3-armed randomized controlled trial.

SETTING:

Faculty of Health Sciences.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 49 women with CPP and substantial fear of movement were randomly allocated to 1 of 3 groups: (1) patient-centered graded exposure intervention added to manual therapy; (2) manual therapy; (3) control group.

INTERVENTIONS:

The 6-week intervention consisted of 12 sessions in the group receiving manual therapy and 6 additional sessions of graded exposure therapy in the group receiving both interventions.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Primary outcomes were fear-avoidance behavior assessed using the Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire and pain interference and severity evaluated with the Brief Pain Inventory. The secondary outcome was disability evaluated with the Oswestry Disability Index. All the variables were assessed in a blinded manner at baseline, after the treatment, and at 3-month follow-up.

RESULTS:

Our results show interaction effects (P<.05) for all the outcomes. Graded exposure added to manual therapy is distinctly superior to manual therapy alone in maintaining improvements for long-term fear-avoidance behavior and physical functioning.

CONCLUSIONS:

Graded exposure added to manual therapy is a promising approach with long-term effects for women with CPP and fear of movement/(re)injury.

KEYWORDS:

Activities of daily living; Chronic pain; Fear; Rehabilitation; Women

PMID:
30312595
DOI:
10.1016/j.apmr.2018.08.188

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