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Toxicol Res (Camb). 2018 Apr 23;7(5):809-816. doi: 10.1039/c8tx00032h. eCollection 2018 Sep 1.

Effects of exposure of adult mice to multi-walled carbon nanotubes on the liver lipid metabolism of their offspring.

Author information

1
School of biological and pharmaceutical engineering , Wuhan Polytechnic University , 68 Xuefu Southern Road , Wuhan 430023 , China . ; Tel: +86 27 83956899.

Abstract

Objective: To explore the toxicity of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on the liver lipid metabolism of offspring mice and the possible mechanisms involved. Method: Virgin female (16-18 g) and male (18-20 g) C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into two groups: Control group and Test group. After anesthesia with chloral hydrate, the mice were administered 50 μL saline or dust solution by intratracheal instillation (Control group: 50 μL saline; Test group: 15 mg kg-1 MWCNTs). Mice were injected with these doses once a week for 13 weeks. Then, male and female mice in the same group were allowed to mate to produce offspring. The pups were fed with normal diet until the end of the experiment (12 weeks old). The offspring mice were sacrificed by decapitation to detect the blood biochemistry and the expression of genes and proteins. Results: Compared with the Control group, MWCNTs significantly reduced the weight of offspring mice (male and female) and led to histopathological changes in the liver tissues. The expression of liver fat synthesis gene significantly increased (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The expression of genes and proteins involved in the inflammatory reactions appeared to be abnormal (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Conclusion: Exposure of adult mice to MWCNTs can affect the expression of fatty acid synthesis genes in the liver tissues of offspring mice, leading to disruption of liver function and accumulation of lipid droplets in the hepatocytes. The imbalance between M1 and M2 liver macrophage phenotypes may be one of the underlying mechanisms of action of MWCNTs leading to disordered fatty acid synthesis in offspring mice.

PMID:
30310658
PMCID:
PMC6115901
[Available on 2019-04-23]
DOI:
10.1039/c8tx00032h

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