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J Biol Chem. 1987 Apr 15;262(11):5129-32.

Purification and properties of the catalytic subunit of the branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase phosphatase from bovine kidney mitochondria.


The catalytic subunit of the branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase (BCKDH) phosphatase (Damuni, Z., Merryfield, M.L., Humphreys, J.S., and Reed, L.J., (1984) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 81, 4335-4338) has been purified over 50,000-fold from extracts of bovine kidney mitochondria. The apparently homogeneous protein consists of a single polypeptide chain with an apparent Mr = approximately 33,000 as estimated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. BCKDH phosphatase, with an apparent Mr = 460,000, was dissociated to its catalytic subunit with no apparent change in activity, at an early stage in the purification procedure by treatment with 6 M urea. The specific activity of the catalytic subunit was 1,500-2,500 units/mg. The catalytic subunit exhibited approximately 10% maximal activity with 32P-labeled pyruvate dehydrogenase complex but was inactive with phosphorylase a and with p-nitrophenyl phosphate. The catalytic subunit, like the Mr = 460,000 species, was inhibited by nanomolar concentrations of BCKDH phosphatase inhibitor protein, was unaffected by protein phosphatase inhibitor 1 and inhibitor 2, and was inhibited by nucleoside tri- and diphosphates but not by nucleoside monophosphates.

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