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Clin Cancer Res. 2019 Feb 15;25(4):1142-1146. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-18-2035. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

FDA Approval Summary: Tisagenlecleucel for Treatment of Patients with Relapsed or Refractory B-cell Precursor Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.

Author information

1
Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland.
2
Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland.
3
Oncology Center of Excellence, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland.
4
Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland. marc.theoret@fda.hhs.gov.

Abstract

Tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah; Novartis Pharmaceuticals) is a CD19-directed genetically modified autologous T-cell immunotherapy. On August 30, 2017, the FDA approved tisagenlecleucel for treatment of patients up to 25 years of age with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that is refractory in second or later relapse. Approval was based on the complete remission (CR) rate, durability of CR, and minimal residual disease (MRD) <0.01% in a cohort of 63 children and young adults with relapsed or refractory ALL treated on a single-arm trial (CCTL019B2202). Treatment consisted of fludarabine and cyclophosphamide followed 2 to 14 days later by a single dose of tisagenlecleucel. The CR rate was 63% (95% confidence interval, 50%-75%), and all CRs had MRD <0.01%. With a median follow-up of 4.8 months, the median duration of response was not reached. Cytokine release syndrome (79%) and neurologic events (65%) were serious toxicities reported in the trial. With implementation of a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy, the benefit-risk profile was considered acceptable for this patient population with such resistant ALL. A study of safety with 15 years of follow-up is required as a condition of the approval.See related commentary by Geyer, p. 1133.

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