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Endocr Pract. 2018 Sep;24(9):833-840. doi: 10.4158/EP-2018-0130.

Implementing Key Changes in the American Thyroid Association 2015 Thyroid Nodules/Differentiated Thyroid Cancer Guidelines Across Practice Types.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This article provides suggestions to help clinicians implement important changes in the 2015 American Thyroid Association Management Guidelines for Adult Patients with Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma ("ATA 2015") across diverse settings.

METHODS:

Key ATA 2015 changes are summarized regarding: ( 1) thyroid nodule management; ( 2) lobectomy versus thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC); and ( 3) surveillance following primary treatment of DTC. Advice to facilitate implementation is based on clinical experience and selected literature.

RESULTS:

Strategies are described to enhance acquisition of high-quality information that helps identify patients who may possibly avoid fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of thyroid nodules or total thyroidectomy for DTC, or undergo less intense postoperative surveillance. Sonographic imaging of nodules may improve if sonograms are obtained by clinicians ordering or performing FNA or trusted high-volume sonographers. Cytopathologic assessment and reporting can be improved by working with regional or national experts. Pre-operative evaluation by endocrinologists is important so that patients are referred to experienced, proficient surgeons and assisted with well-informed decision-making regarding surgical radicality. Endocrinologists and surgeons should ensure performance of pre-operative neck ultrasonography, voice/laryngeal evaluation, and contrast-enhanced cross-sectional imaging when appropriate. Findings should be disseminated to all healthcare team members, ideally through a comprehensive medical record accessible to the entire team.

CONCLUSION:

Optimization of the sequence of specialist visits and assembly of interactive multidisciplinary teams coupled with intensified interdisciplinary and patient communication may enable clinicians to more effectively implement ATA 2015, which calls for more individualized, and often, less "invasive" management of thyroid nodules and DTC.

ABBREVIATIONS:

ATA 2009 = 2009 American Thyroid Association Management Guidelines for Adult Patients with Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma; ATA 2015 = 2015 American Thyroid Association Management Guidelines for Adult Patients with Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma; DTC = differentiated thyroid carcinoma; FNA = fine-needle aspiration; PET/CT = positron emission tomography/computed tomography.

PMID:
30308136
DOI:
10.4158/EP-2018-0130
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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