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Clin Oral Implants Res. 2018 Oct;29 Suppl 18:196-223. doi: 10.1111/clr.13337.

The clinical performance of all-ceramic implant-supported single crowns: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Center for Dental Medicine, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.
2
Department of Prosthodontics, Geriatric Dentistry and Craniomandibular Disorders, Campus Benjamin Franklin (CBF), CC 3 Dental and Craniofacial Sciences, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
3
Institute of Medical Biometry and Statistics, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This review aimed at evaluating the survival and technical complication rates of all-ceramic implant-supported single crowns (SC).

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Three electronic databases were searched for clinical studies conducted at ≥ 15 patients examining implant-supported all-ceramic SCs over ≥ 12 months. Survival rates of implants and restorations plus technical complication rates of SCs were calculated and tested for statistical correlation with confounding variables. Statistical analysis was performed using a negative binomial distribution model to calculate 5- and 10-year survival and complication estimates.

RESULTS:

Forty-one included studies reported on implant-supported SCs made of veneered and monolithic high-strength oxide ceramics, monolithic, and veneered glass-based ceramics and of a monolithic resin-nano-ceramic (RNC). Survival estimates for SCs of 93% (95% CI: 86.6%-96.4%) after 5 years and 94.4% (95% CI: 91.1%-96.5%) after 10 years were calculated, corresponding values for implant survival were 95.3% (95% CI: 90.6%-97.7%) and 96.2% (95% CI: 95.1%-97.1%). Technical complication rates after 5/10 years were as follows: chipping 9.0% (95% CI: 5.4%-14.8%)/2.7% (95% CI: 2.1%-3.5%), framework fractures 1.9% (95% CI: 0.7%-4.9%)/1.2% (95% CI: 1%-1.5%), screw loosening 3.6% (95% CI: 1.6%-8.4%)/5.2% (95% CI: 3.6%-7.5%), and decementations with 1.1% (95% CI: 0.4%-2.8%) after 5 years. Some confounding variables influenced the above-mentioned estimates significantly.

CONCLUSIONS:

All-ceramic implant-supported SCs showed-with the exception of a RNC material-high survival rates. However, failures and technical complications occurred which have to be considered when informing patients on the treatment with implant-supported all-ceramic SCs.

KEYWORDS:

ceramics; dental implants; dental porcelain; dental restoration failures; review; systematic

PMID:
30306684
DOI:
10.1111/clr.13337
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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