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J Orthop Surg Res. 2018 Oct 11;13(1):250. doi: 10.1186/s13018-018-0950-7.

Efficacy of intravenous acetaminophen in multimodal management for pain relief following total knee arthroplasty: a meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Orthopaedics Department, Gansu Provincial Hospital, Lanzhou, 730000, Gansu, China.
2
Orthopaedics Department, Gansu Provincial Hospital, Lanzhou, 730000, Gansu, China. 246771930@qq.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The efficacy of intravenous acetaminophen in multimodal pain management in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is controversial. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy of intravenous acetaminophen versus placebo in TKA.

METHODS:

Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or retrospective cohort studies (RCSs) concerning related topics were retrieved from PubMed (1996-June 2018), Embase (1980-June 2018), and the Cochrane Library (CENTRAL June 2018). Any studies comparing intravenous acetaminophen with a placebo were included in this meta-analysis. Meta-analysis results were collected and analyzed by Stata 12.0. Subgroup analysis was performed according to the general characteristics of the patients.

RESULTS:

In total, the patients from six studies met the inclusion criteria. Our meta-analysis results indicated that compared with a control group, intravenous acetaminophen was associated with reductions in total morphine consumption and visual analogue scale (VAS) score at postoperative day (POD) 3. However, there was no significant difference in morphine consumption at POD 1 or in VAS at POD 1 or POD 2. Moreover, there was no significant difference in the length of hospital stay.

CONCLUSIONS:

Based on our results, intravenous acetaminophen in multimodal management has shown better efficacy in pain relief at POD 3 and has morphine-sparing effects. High-quality studies with more patients are needed in the future.

KEYWORDS:

Acetaminophen; Meta-analysis; Pain control; Total knee arthroplasty

PMID:
30305124
PMCID:
PMC6180443
DOI:
10.1186/s13018-018-0950-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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