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Neuroreport. 2018 Dec 12;29(18):1530-1536. doi: 10.1097/WNR.0000000000001142.

Effects of COMT polymorphism on the cortical processing of vocal pitch regulation.

Author information

1
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital.
2
Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Brain Function and Disease, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Abstract

Recent evidence has shown that auditory-motor integration for speech production is influenced by cognitive functions such as working memory and attention, suggesting that speech motor control is likely modulated by mechanisms mediated by prefrontal regions. Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene plays an important role in dopamine breakdown in the prefrontal cortex and has been associated with a variety of prefrontal cognitive functions. The present event-related potential study investigated the association between COMT ValMet polymorphism and auditory-motor processing of vocal feedback errors. A sample of 131 Chinese young female adults was genotyped for rs4680 and produced sustained vowels while hearing their voice unexpectedly shifted down in pitch by 50 or 200 cents. The behavioral results showed no effects of COMT ValMet on vocal compensations for pitch perturbations. However, individuals with the Met allele produced significantly larger P2 responses to -200 cents perturbations than individuals with the Val/Val genotype. These results suggest the existence of a relationship between COMT ValMet polymorphism and self-monitoring of speech feedback errors, and they provide insights into our understanding of the top-down modulations of speech motor control mediated by prefrontal regions.

PMID:
30300332
DOI:
10.1097/WNR.0000000000001142
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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